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Reagents required: sodium (except water), benzophenone (indicator, which appears blue in absolute anhydrous conditions).
Dosage: 1000ml of solvent needs up to 10 grams of sodium, benzophenone needs about 5 grams.
Operation: Dry, cool, and set aside the required equipment (usually: 1000ml round bottom bottle, ball condensing tube, straightcondensing tube, tail nozzles, triangular bottle, tee, glass plug). Toluene and benzophenone are added to the round bottom bottle, and the sodium block is added with tweezers, and the kerosene on the surface of the sodium block is wiped by cotton. Then the sodium is cut into small pieces with scissors, and added to toluene through the feeding funnel. Then set up the device, the air in the device is replaced with nitrogen, including the receiving bottle, heated reflux 2 ~ 3h, reflux blue, slightly cold (no reflux can be), instead of distillation device, with a small amount of the former fraction, collect the needed part. Stop post-heat treatment when the liquid in the round-bottomed flask remains about 50mL: Add anhydrous ethanol to the remaining sodium balls in the round-bottomed flask and stir at room temperature until they decompose completely. Pour into the waste liquid bottle.
Note: THF must not be dried, it will produce peroxide, easy to explode!
DMF was dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate one day in advance (25g/L); Will need the device (usually required: 1000ml round bottom bottle, straight condensate pipe, tail pipe, triangle bottle, tee, glass plug, water pump), drying, cooling, set aside. Add dried DMF to round bottle. then set up the unit and check the tightness of the unit with a nitrogen ball. Then 60℃-70℃ vacuum distillation followed by a small amount of the front fraction, collection of the required part.
(1) Calcium hydroxide: in addition to water;
Usage: 50 g/L
Operation: after 3-4 hours of reflux, distillation, 4A molecular sieve preservation.
Post-treatment: The remaining CaH2 in a round-bottom flask is stirred with anhydrous ethanol at room temperature until it is completely decomposed. Pour into the waste liquid bottle.
② Anhydrous calcium chloride, molecular sieve;
Operation: Room temperature agitation overnight, distillation out with molecular sieve preservation
Dosis: 7-8g /500ml
Operación: Corte el sodio en trozos pequeños para que se seque durante 24 horas y luego úselo. La botella de reactivo de 500 ml está sellada con un tapón de goma de 19#, y se inserta el globo desinflado.
Nota: La temperatura no debe ser demasiado alta, no más de 30 ℃; El éter de la izquierda demasiado tiempo no se puede calentar porque contiene peróxido y tiende a explotar.
Se puede secar menos del 1% con un tamiz molecular 4A;
El sulfato de calcio anhidro se calienta, se refleja y se destila.